The Icelandic flag was actually created way back in 1918, though it didn’t become the country’s official flag until Iceland gained independence in 1944.
The Law of the National Flag of Icelanders and the State of Arms describes the flag as “blue as the sky with a snow-white cross, and a fiery-red cross inside the white cross. The arms of the cross extend to the edge of the flag, and their combined width is 2/9, but the red cross 1/9 of the combined width of the flag. The blue areas are right angled rectangles, the rectilinear surfaces are parallel and the outer rectilinear surfaces as wide as them, but twice the length. The dimensions between the width and length are 18:25.”
The colors represent those that compose Iceland’s landscape – blue for the sea that surrounds it, white for the snow that often covers it, and red for the lava that has run over (and under and through) it.
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The state flag of Iceland differs only slightly from the civil one. It’s a big longer, and has a v-shaped cutout on the right hand side.
Photo by WorldIslandInfo.com